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Q-1: What is a heart attack?


Ans.  Heart attack occurs when plaque and blood clots block an artery and stop blood flow to areas of the heart           muscle. The heart muscle then becomes deprived of oxygen. This can cause permanent damage to the muscle.



Q-2: Question: What are the symptoms of a heart attack?


Ans.   Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing or pain in the center of the chest lasting more than two minutes.


          Pain spreading from the chest down the left arm or into the left side of the neck.


     Heavy sweating, shortness of breath and fatigue, sometimes accompanied by fainting, lighthe adedness or           nausea


          You should also be alert if the following occur individually or together with or without chest pain.


       Indigestion. Bloated or full feeling, sometimes accompanied by a dull ache, a burning sensation or a feeling of           nausea. Though sometimes difficult to distinguish from normal digestion, be careful.


       Feelings of indigestion may indicate a particular form of a heart attack occurring on the back wall of the heart           because of blockage in the right coronary artery.


          Pain in the lower jaw.


          Pain in the arm or shoulder. It may be difficult to pinpoint a place where the pain is localized.


          Shortness of breath. Gulping for breath after only routine exertion, which does not subside with rest and resumes           with minor activity.


          Tired feeling. Like fatigue, the feeling sweeps over the entire body.



Q-3: Are all types of heart disease hereditary?


Ans.   No.


          Some forms of heart problems are congenital, which means you were born with it.


          Other heart problems are a result of viral infections, toxic medications or alcohol related.

      Frequently though, heart problems can have a base in family history that may predispose an individual to           developing heart disease.


          There are also lifestyle factors such as smoking, cocaine use and an unhealthy diet.



Q-4: Does high blood pressure mean I will have a heart attack/a stroke?


Ans. High blood pressure (or hypertension),increases your risk for developing heart disease and experiencing a           heart attack as well as increasing your risk of stroke.


       This is why treatment for hypertension by a medical professional is important.Maintaining control of your blood           pressure through: diet,


          regular exercise,


          and a reduced stress level are key to keeping blood pressure at a healthy level.



Q-5: I had a heart catheter. When can I go back to my usual activities, i.e. golf, swimming,          walking with no restrictions?


Ans.  If it was a diagnostic heart catheter and no intervention was done, you may return to your normal activities           without restrictions after three days.



Q-6: When can I go home following open-heart surgery?


Ans.   It depends upon they kind of surgery you had and your health in general. But as a general rule of thumb, you can          expect to go home in five to seven days following your surgery. With beating heart surgery, you may be able to           go you can home in three days.



Q-7: Sexual activity


Ans.  Most cardiac patients can enjoy sexual activity with some minor modifications. Your doctor will tell you when you           can resume activity safely.


         Communication is a good foundation for a great sex life.


         Reintroduce yourself to sexual activity gradually.


        Some men may find difficulty getting and maintaining an erection. This is normal and usually temporary. Over time,         if this continues to be a problem, speak to your health care team about medication options that may be right for          you.


       A big dinner isn't the best lead-in to sexual intimacy. After you've eaten, especially a large meal, your heart must      work hard to help digestion. This is not a good time to add physical stress. Try sexual activity before your          romantic dinne--or try romantic hors d'ouevres, instead! After a meal, wait one or two hours before having sex.


         Don't give yourself set time restrictions. Relax. If you've been drinking alcohol, postpone sexual activity.


         Use sexual positions that are comfortable for you and don't fatigue you or cause exertion.


        For the first six to eight weeks after cardiac surgery, avoid positions which put pressure on your chest or tension          on your arms.


         Enjoy sexual activity when you are rested.


         If you have shortness of breath or chest discomfort, stop and rest.



Q-8: Can't I just have my wife/husband/friend/coworker take me to the hospital?


Ans.  Emergency medical personnel also called EMS , for emergency medical services bring medical care to you. For          example, they bring oxygen and medications. And they can actually restart someone's heart if it stops after they         arrive. Your wife/husband/friend/coworker can't do that, or help you at all if they are driving. In the ambulance,           there are enough people to give you the help you need and get you to the hospital right away.